Cardiovascular disease

Heart Disease

Risk factors for CVD

Some risk factors for CVD are potentially reversible or can be modified. These include:

  • Cigarette smoking
  • Increased levels of LDL cholesterol
  • High triglycerides (caused by the build up of fats derived from foods eaten or made in the body from other energy sources)
  • Low HDL cholesterol
  • Being overweight
  • Large waist circumference (being ‘apple-shaped’)
  • High blood pressure
  • Inactivity
  • Diabetes

Diet and CVD

Making small changes to your diet is one of the simplest and most effective ways to reduce your risk of CVD. You can do this by:

  • Reducing fat in your diet, especially saturated and trans-fats
  • Eating more fruit and vegetables, wholegrain food and soluble fibre
  • Drinking alcohol in moderation
  • Reducing salt to maintain a lower blood pressure