Treatment of aortic stenosis
It’s important to treat streptococcal infections with antibiotics to reduce the risk of rheumatic fever, which can cause aortic stenosis, from developing.
People with aortic stenosis are advised to take antibiotics before some invasive investigations (such as bladder cystoscopy) and surgical procedures to reduce the risk of heart valve infection (endocarditis).
Some people with aortic stenosis are also recommended to take antibiotics before dental treatments for the same reason.
Mild aortic stenosis is usually treated with medication, such as diuretics or ACE-inhibitors, to lessen the symptoms of heart failure.
In more severe cases, a balloon may be inflated in the valve to widen it, called a balloon valvuloplasty, or the valve may be widened or replaced during open heart surgery.
In the UK, aortic valve stenosis is the most common heart valve disorder requiring valve replacement.